This survey thoroughly investigates a site and surrounding habitat for signs of this protected species. The site visit will include an overall assessment of habitat suitability as well as a search for evidence of badgers (footprints, latrines, foraging signs, etc.). Surveys can be undertaken at anytime of year, with optimum times between February and April, coinciding with a peak in territorial activity and a period when vegetation cover is at a minimum, thereby enhancing the probability of detection of field signs. As part of this report, we also include a desktop survey of all records of badger and designated sites within 2km of the site.
Bait Marking Survey
Bait marking surveys are needed if badgers are present within the site and we need to determine population dynamics and site use by the badgers. Bait-marking surveys use badgers territorial behaviour, where they mark their territory boundaries with latrines or dung-pits, to assess this. This method can only be undertaken at certain times of year, principally late February to late April but also between early September and mid-October. Once the population of badgers within the site has been determined JCA can put in place a Mitigation Plan and apply for a Mitigation Licence from Natural England on your behalf.